This panel brings together several scholars of Caribbean slavery to engage in a deeper conversation about this phenomenon specifically as it addresses the the intersection of amelioration and the politics of enslaved people. Nicholas Crawford’s paper examines contestations between enslaved people and planters over provision grounds and the impact of these struggles for colonial and imperial policies on informal marketing, property ownership, and gradual emancipation. Gelien Matthews's paper argues that enslaved people's freedom came not just from law but also from war - and suggests the importance of revolts in small islands (in this case, emphasizing Trinidad and Tobago) in shifting this dynamic need be understood more carefully. Bertie Mandleblatt’s paper situates British debates over amelioration in the French revolutionary politics of the 1790s – both in the metropole and in the Caribbean - , and explores the British perspective during this period of presumed French successes and failures. Michael Becker’s paper examines the complexities of amelioration’s impact on colonial legal systems through a close study of the efforts of an enslaved mother and daughter to hold their owner (who was also head legal authority in the parish) accountable for maltreatment. By approaching the question of amelioration with enslaved people's politics at the forefront, the panel adds breadth and depth to our understanding of amelioration and empire.