In pursuit of an answer, the panelists will present their biographies of diverse Native American people from across the continent. In the discussion of these historical figures and their worlds, they will also raise significant methodological questions: can biography help us peel back historical erasures across borders, in the archive, and in historiography? Can the biographical method help historians become more inclusive of traditionally “subaltern” records like oral history and material culture? Considering the broad popular appeal of biographies, could they be a tool to help deconstruct Native stereotypes that are still common in public discourse? To what extent can the very act of writing biography, and more generally recovering silenced histories, offer new perspectives on the post-Indian Wars notion of the inevitably “vanishing Indian”?