Historical Society for Twentieth-Century China 2
This panel will shed new light on two fundamental questions: what was the ethnic experience of the Cold War in China? And how did the Cold War (re)shape China's understanding of ethnic relations in general? Steven Pieragastini will analyze the changing domestic and foreign influences on China’s ethnic and religious policy in the late 1950s. Qingfei Yin will explore the history of Sino-Vietnamese borderlands in the 1950s and 1960s, focusing on the efforts of ethnic minorities to maintain autonomy amidst the state-building projects of the allied Chinese and Vietnamese Communists. Gangzheng She will discuss the changing attitude of China towards the Arab-Israeli conflict from the 1950s through the 1980s, which matched China’s self-perception over the same period, from anti-imperialist revolutionaries, to leaders of global class struggle, and finally as responsible world power. Anran Wang will elucidate the changing depictions and commemoration of colonial-era (1910-1945) Koreans in Manchuria after 1949 by the Chinese Communist government. Xiaofei Kang, Associate Professor at George Washington University, an expert on ethnicity and religion in twentieth century China, will serve as chair and discussant.
By utilizing previously unexamined sources on China’s shifting strategies in its borderlands, as well as Beijing’s changing involvement in ethnic conflicts in the Middle East, this panel will reveal the interaction between Chinese domestic and foreign policies regarding ethnic and religious issues during the Cold War.