This panel combines these two trends with four papers that examine the way digitization and digital humanities can transform our spatial understanding of empires and emerging nation-states from the British and the Japanese empires to China in the twentieth century and the unexplored spatial dimensions of key historical moments such as 1919. Jo Guldi’s project uses the digitization of the British parliamentary records to calculate statistically how much of parliament’s time was spent on each region, nation, and city around the world, creating a new atlas of the British Empire. David Ambaras demonstrates how the concepts of deep mapping is explored in the digital humanities project on the Japanese empire, Bodies and Structures. Shellen Wu argues for the emergence of geo-modernity in twentieth century China using local gazetteers and a search tool pioneered by the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science. Tze-ki Hon re-frames our understanding of the May Fourth Movement in China by focusing on two entwined hierarchies of space and time. Taken together the four papers point to potential new directions for spatial history.