Willeke Sandler’s paper, “Colonialism and Public Culture in the Third Reich” discusses the advocates of overseas empire, who testified to the continuing importance of prewar territories in many circles. Exercising a presence which could not be ignored, they kept alive the possibility of a future global empire. Jennifer Jenkins’ paper, “The Men of HAPOL and Nazism’s ‘Economic Empire,” argues that the Nazi “drive to the east,” which would require war to obtain, required an extensive global economic reach to assure Lebensraum’s success. She examines the HAPOL (Handelspolitische Abteilung or Trade Policy Division of the Foreign Office), which implemented the bilateral clearing agreements between the Third Reich and industrializing nations globally, and which in turn would give Germany the resources to acquire European Lebensraum. Michael Miller’s paper, “The Ukraine Project: Dutch East Indies Companies and the Nazi East,” tells the story of German and Austrian officials in the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands, who sought to transfer Dutch plantation expertise from the East Indies into German-occupied Ukraine. This project's failure suggests that prior European overseas colonial experience proved in applicable to the Nazi empire.