Has U.S. foreign policy been influenced by the ideology of oil scarcity? Why did U.S. government agencies promote energy exploration over conservation? Did American business and foreign policy interests converge or clash over promoting Iraq's Ba'th Party in the 1960s? Has America's pursuit of energy independence been rhetorical?
Our panel seeks to answer these and other questions through separate but related case studies from the early Twentieth Century to the present. It also engages with the conference theme by examining how notions of race, ethnicity, and nationalism at home and abroad influenced perceptions of military, political, and economic power.