This panel involves scholars who have personally been affected by the Water is Life Movements and related historical developments. They have contributed to conversations and studies about the historical context and histories of these issues and controversies as well as participated in related forums and/or workshops on college campuses. In Invasion of Indian Country in the Twentieth Century (1998), the chair and commentator of this panel, Donald Fixico (Shawnee, Sac & Fox, Muscogee Creek, and Seminole), foreshadowed what is happening among many Native American communities and others throughout the world: “In a final stand, the leaders and their people will have to protect their lands from the ravishing excavations of energy companies” (xix). Fixico and Michael Lawson, a historian on this panel who has recently participated in litigation concerning the tribal nations of the Missouri River, have paved the way and continue the struggle to support Indigenous peoples in their stand for water and earth. Farina King (Diné) and Amber Annis (Cheyenne River Sioux) are emerging Native American scholars who engage with and add to these efforts, including historicizing, as they both are motivated by their communities and connections to Indigenous Water is Life movements.