They did not, however, agree with the DRC-decision in August 1914 not to send ambulances abroad, until it was clear that the Netherlands would engage in the fighting, and this would not be the case before peace was signed.
Many of them therefore volunteered participate in the ambulances set up by private organisations. Some of them reported about their experiences, including the horrors they witnessed. Consequently questions were raised at the role of medicine in times of war, in Spring 1918 leading to a Dutch nurse suggesting that maybe medical care, and certainly all medical preparation to war work, should stop.
As a result, in the Inter War Years the Dutch peace movement made medicine one of its targets, even leading to a Nurses' Anti-War Group. But although they attracted attention, as before the war they still had not the numbers.
Opposition, also within nurses' ranks, was fierce. Not only would refusing aid to sick and wounded contradict the Hippocratic oath, but also, although the militarisation before the war had not raised questions, pacifism was politics and therefore stood outside the field of humanitarian medicine.
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