When the residency created the FFO, their expectation was that its financial benefits would be reserved exclusively for the French population. By “French”, they meant “white” and of “metropolitan” origin. Increasingly, when discussing family policy they used this qualifying language to distinguish the Français de métropole or “metropolitan French” from les Français musulmans d’Algérie or “French Muslims from Algeria”. FFO administrators became increasingly preoccupied with these distinctions after 1944. In this year, the Gaullist provisional government reformed Algerians’ legal status. Subsequently Algerians who had migrated to Morocco qualified for FFO family benefits as French citizens. This development was not without controversy, however. FFO administrators feared widespread fraud and funding difficulties. The nature of these fears was shaped by ideas of race and masculinity. This paper will explore how concerns about race, masculinity, and migration within the French Empire shaped settler family policy in 1940s Morocco.
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