The paper will use cultural and military sources to examine the relationship between colonialism and fascism, a topic of scholarly inquiry recently established by historians of Germany and of emerging interest to historians in a variety of fields. It seeks to show that officers were critical vectors in transmitting methods of colonial warfare throughout the French imperial nation-state, including its capital, Paris. The paper focuses on one officer in particular, Jean Ferrandi. Unknown to scholars, Ferrandi influenced French politics in the 1930s. He was a novelist, helped organize campaigns in central Africa, Chad, and Libya in the early 1900s, edited several prominent journals in the interwar period, founded a radical colonial veterans group in 1931, and was elected as a member of the Paris city government in 1932. Ferrandi was emblematic of the political convictions of many officers in the French colonial army, as they were hostile to democratic principles and helped drive a decline in popular support for the French Republic in the critical period before World War II.
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