Commodities, Converts, and Citizens: Conceptualizing Atlantic Slavery and Emancipation in the American North
Richard J. Boles, Oklahoma State University
Jared Ross Hardesty, Western Washington University
Andrea Catharina Mosterman, University of New Orleans
Harvey Amani Whitfield, University of Vermont
In that vein, all four panelists examine northern slavery in a larger context. Through his research of Captain Ingraham’s slave trade into New England, Jared Hardesty’s paper shows that slavery in New England was closely connected to larger Atlantic networks of trade, cultural exchange, and exploitation. Richard Boles examines how northern churches engaged with slave populations. His paper reveals that these northern churches included many enslaved people and even became an example for southern churches on how to use religion to engage slaves. In her paper on slavery and abolition in Revolutionary Massachusetts, Emily Blanck shows how discussions about slavery and freedom that took place in Revolutionary Massachusetts played an important role in larger national and Atlantic debates. Finally, Andrea Mosterman’s paper investigates the challenges freed people faced during the era of gradual emancipation in New York. Her paper shows that although nineteenth-century New York became known as a free state its freed population continued to struggle for full freedom, as was the case in other post-emancipation societies.