Beyond Pan-Americanism: Internationalizing the History of the Cold War in Latin America
Conference on Latin American History 50
Michelle Getchell, US Naval War College
Vanni Pettinà, Colegio de México
David M. K. Sheinin, Trent University
Eric Zolov, State University of New York at Stony Brook
Mostly, these conversations have taken place through formal presentations of research. Far too often, moreover, diplomatic historians remain in isolation from social and political historians. This roundtable will bring together five prominent scholars whose training and publications span the fields of diplomatic, social, and cultural history. Each has been an active contributor to the emergent historiographical shifts described above. Thomas Field and Vanni Pettinà discuss the limits to Latin American participation in prominent projects that came to define the "Third World," such as the Non-Alignment Movement and the New International Information Order. David Sheinin focuses on efforts by Argentina to detonate a nuclear explosion and the ways in which "nuclear intent" were used to establish a “modern” international position in the 1960s. Michelle Getchell internationalizes the 1965 crisis in the Dominican Republic by incorporating Latin American as well as Soviet positions (based on Soviet archives). Eric Zolov proposes that Mexico by the 1960s had become the "Last Good Neighbor" to the United States, yet leveraged that strategic position to pursue international diversification to offset U.S. predominance.
We expect this roundtable to garner tremendous interest from diplomatic historians as well as from Latin Americanists and lead to a lively exchange of ideas, methodological and epistemological, regarding the importance of moving Latin America scholarship beyond the "historiographical Monroe Doctrine," as Tanya Harmer has eloquently put it.