Planning Garden Villages in the Colombian Highlands: Credit Democratization and Rural Housing during the Liberal Republic, 1930–46
This paper argues that Colombia’s first and only housing institution, the Instituto de Crédito Territorial (ICT), was the social component of an overarching program of credit democratization for the rural sector. With housing, state officials attempted to address the obstacles of the Liberals’ agricultural policy had encountered at the local level. It dwells in the intellectual and political motives that drove state officials in 1939 to create the ICT. It explains the nature and content of the rural housing campaign, showing that this program concentrated in the capital city’s immediate southwestern vicinity, Sumapaz, where local social dynamics were questioning the effectiveness of Liberal policies. Finally, I emphasize that rural housing set the financial, administrative, and technical basis of the wide reaching urban housing projects the ICT embarked upon since 1942, which, ironically, transformed the institution in Colombia’s biggest urban developer.
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