In general terms, crimes associated with the Syrian-Lebanese community in the late 1800s resembled all too well those stereotypically associated with Jewish communities elsewhere: commercial crimes. The socio-economic networks developed in the late 1800s, by and generally for the Syrian-Lebanese community, inevitably gave way to inter-community conflict. In many cases, members sought the intervention of the law to resolve community conflicts. In this light, then, this paper seeks to explore the “anthropometric” construction and its discursive production of the Syrian-Lebanese in its fragmented dimensions—Turco and Mascate—as the emerging field of Criminal Anthropology insinuated by in late nineteenth-century São Paulo. It will become clear that much of the general knowledge aggregated to a Syrian-Lebanese “type” relied heavily in the “anthropometric” data and crimes of the working class Syrian-Lebanese peddler or store employees recorded on official police documents and state records.
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