Though Hungarian nationalism exhibitied increasing signs of anti-Semitism upon the traumatic end of the cataclysmic First World War, leading Neolog Jewish groups decided to contest the push for their exclusion by continuing to emphasize and display their national affiliations. The presentation shall analyze the various discourses Hungarian Jewish intellectuals used to express their personal and collective identity in the inter-war years on the basis of the rich publications of the most popular form of modern Neolog scholarship, the Israelite Hungarian Literary Society. In a unique constellation, Hungarian Jewish publications continued to appear and discuss the Jewish community’s position in the Hungarian nation even as Hungary was allied with Germany and the destruction of European Jewry had commenced. Jewish opportunities to publish drastically narrowed after 1938 but were not completely eliminated until 1944. The peculiar constellation in these years also meant crucial transformations in Hungarian Jewish intellectual self-positioning that are worthy of attention: Hungarian Jews remained in dialogue with an anti-Semitic and proto-Fascist regime for much longer than anywhere else in Europe.
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