One of the most promising examples of the new cooperation between workers and politicians was the 1978 Senate candidacy of the renowned Marxist sociologist Fernando Henrique Cardoso. Cardoso, who would vigorously defend the 1979 and 1980 strikes and who was supported by students and intellectuals, was endorsed by Lula's union in 1978. Yet despite politicians' support for the strikes and Lula's support for the political opposition, the alliance suffered a setback in 1980, as Lula founded his own Workers' Party (PT), and Cardoso and other students and leftist intellectuals rejected a popularly-run party in favor of a broad opposition party dominated by traditional politicians. Nevertheless, the strikes and foundation of the PT signaled a decisive turning point in the attitudes of politicians, intellectuals, and workers alike toward both democracy and popular mobilization and marked a key step in the weakening of the dictatorship.
See more of: Conference on Latin American History
See more of: Affiliated Society Sessions